3个月前 (05-08)  Linux安全运维 |   抢沙发  33 
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Nginx+Tomcat+Keepalived实现高可用web集群:

环境:CenOS 6.5
Nginx-Master:10.10.10.128
Nginx-Backup:10.10.10.129
Tomcat1:10.10.10.130
Tomcat2:10.10.10.131
VIP:10.10.10.100

一、环境基础配置

1、更换国内yum源

2、关闭防火墙、SELinux

3、时间同步

二、Web端安装Web服务

1、查看是否安装JDK
[root@Tomcat1 ~]# java -version
java version "1.8.0_171"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_171-b11)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.171-b11, mixed mode)
2、安装JDK
官网下载二进制包
解压到/usr/local/java
    tar zxvf jdk-8u171-linux-x64.tar.gz -C /usr/local/java/
修改环境变量/etc/profile
    JAVA_HOME=/usr/local/java
    PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$PATH
    CLASSPATH=$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/ext:$JAVA_HOME/lib/tools.jar
    export PATH JAVA_HOME CLASSPATH
使环境变量生效:
    source /etc/profile
3、下载Tomcat源码包:
    wget -O /opt/apache-tomcat-9.0.7.tar.gz http://mirrors.hust.edu.cn/apache/tomcat/tomcat-9/v9.0.7/bin/apache-tomcat-9.0.7.tar.gz
4、解压到/usr/local/tomcat
    tar zxvf /opt/apache-tomcat-9.0.7.tar.gz -C /usr/local/
5、修改Tomcat的主页
    rm -rf /usr/local/apache-tomcat-9.0.7/webapps/ROOT/*
    echo "Tomcat1" >/usr/local/apache-tomcat-9.0.7/webapps/ROOT/index.html  #Tomcat1
    echo "Tomcat2" >/usr/local/apache-tomcat-9.0.7/webapps/ROOT/index.html  #Tomcat2
6、测试Tomcat能否正常启动
[root@Tomcat1 bin]# ./usr/local/apache-tomcat-9.0.7/bin
/startup.sh 
Using CATALINA_BASE:   /usr/local/apache-tomcat-9.0.7
Using CATALINA_HOME:   /usr/local/apache-tomcat-9.0.7
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /usr/local/apache-tomcat-9.0.7/temp
Using JRE_HOME:        /usr/local/java
Using CLASSPATH:       /usr/local/apache-tomcat-9.0.7/bin/bootstrap.jar:/usr/local/apache-tomcat-9.0.7/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
Tomcat started.

curl 10.10.10.130:8080   #返回Tomcat1
curl 10.10.10.131:8080   #返回Tomcat2

至此web端配置完成。

二、Nginx反向代理安装

1、安装依赖软件
    yum install -y gcc gcc-c++
    yum install -y pcre pcre-devel openssl openssl-devel zlib zlib-devel
2、官网下载源码包
3、解压源码包
    tar zxvf nginx-1.14.0.tar.gz -C /tmp/
4、编译安装
    useradd -s /bin/false -M nginx
    ./configure --user=nginx --group=nginx --prefix=/usr/local/nginx-1.14.0/ --with-http_v2_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_sub_module --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-pcre
    make && make install
5、配置反向代理/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
worker_processes  1;
pid        /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid;
worker_rlimit_nofile 51200;
events {
   use epoll;
   worker_connections  51200;
}
http {
   include       mime.types;
   default_type  application/octet-stream;
   server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
   client_header_buffer_size 32k;
   large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
   client_max_body_size 8m;
   sendfile        on;
   tcp_nopush      on;
   keepalive_timeout  65;
   tcp_nodelay on;
   gzip on;
   gzip_min_length 1k;
   gzip_buffers 4 16k;
   gzip_http_version 1.0;
   gzip_comp_level 2;
   gzip_types    test/plain application/x-javascript test/css application/xml;
   gzip_vary on; 

   upstream backend {
        server 10.10.10.130:8080;
        server 10.10.10.131:8080;

   }
   server {
       listen       80;
       server_name  10.10.10.128;   #Nginx2改为:10.10.10.129
       location / { 
           root   /var/www/html;
           index  index.php index.html index.htm;
           proxy_pass http://backend;
       }
   }
}      
先测试再启动:
[root@Nginx1 ~]# /usr/local/nginx-1.14.0/sbin/nginx -t
nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/nginx-1.14.0//conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /usr/local/nginx-1.14.0//conf/nginx.conf test is successful
[root@Nginx1 ~]# /usr/local/nginx-1.14.0/sbin/nginx
[root@Nginx1 ~]# lsof -i:80
COMMAND  PID  USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME
nginx   4896  root    6u  IPv4  18439      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)
nginx   4897 nginx    6u  IPv4  18439      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)

curl 10.10.10.128  #轮询返回Tomcat1 Tomcat2
Nginx2同样的搭建。
至此Nginx反向代理搭建完成。

三、使用Keepalived实现高可用

1、安装:
    yum install keepalived -y
2、修改配置文件/etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf
MASTER 端:
! Configuration File for keepalived
vrrp_script check_nginx {
        script "/etc/keepalived/check_nginx.sh"
        interval 2
        weight 2
}
global_defs {
   notification_email {
     acassen@firewall.loc
     failover@firewall.loc
     sysadmin@firewall.loc
   }
   notification_email_from Alexandre.Cassen@firewall.loc
   smtp_server 192.168.200.1
   smtp_connect_timeout 30
   router_id LVS_DEVEL1
}

vrrp_instance VI_1 {
    state MASTER
    interface eth0
    virtual_router_id 51
    priority 100
    advert_int 1
    authentication {
        auth_type PASS
        auth_pass 1111
    }
    virtual_ipaddress {
        10.10.10.100/24 dev eth0
   }
 track_script {
        check_nginx
   }
}
BACKUP端:
修改:
router_id LVS_DEVEL2
state BACKUP
priority 90

检测Nginx脚本:
#!/bin/bash
nginxpid=`ps -C nginx --no-header | wc -l`
if [ $nginxpid -eq 0 ];then
        /etc/init.d/keepalived stop
fi
chmod +x /etc/keepalived/check_nginx.sh

重启Keepalived服务
service keepalived restart

四、检验服务的高可用

Nginx1执行:killall nginx
发现 web访问依然正常

Tomcat1执行:/usr/local/apache-tomcat-9.0.7/bin/shutdown.sh
发现 web访问依然正常

高可用的环境搭建完毕。




//下面这个css和插件后台设置的主题有关系,如果需要换样式,则需要修改以下CSS名称

  
 

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