CentOS 6.5服务器yum安装配置lnmp环境

Linux安全运维 (1.5万) 2015-01-05 13:38:40
准备篇
1、配置防火墙,开启80 和3306端口
[root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/sysconfig/iptables
        -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
        -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
        -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT
[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/iptables restart        重启防火墙使配置生效
2、关闭SELINUX
[root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/selinux/config
    SELINUX=disabled
[root@localhost ~]# reboot
3、配置centos第三方yum源(centos默认的标准源里没有nginx的包)
[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install wget        安装下载wget工具
[root@localhost ~]# wget http://www.atomicorp.com/installers/atomic    下载atomic yum源
[root@localhost ~]# sh ./atomic        安装
[root@localhost ~]# yum check-update        更新yum软件包
安装篇
1、安装nginx
[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install nginx        安装nginx软件
[root@localhost ~]# service nginx start         启动
[root@localhost ~]# chkconfig nginx on         设置开机启动
[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/nginx restart         重启nginx服务
[root@localhost ~]# rm -rf /usr/share/nginx/html/*        删除nginx默认页面
2、安装mysql
[root@localhost ~]# yum install mysql mysql-server -y        安装mysql
[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/mysqld start        启动mysql
[root@localhost ~]# chkconfig mysqld on        设置开机启动
[root@localhost ~]# cp /usr/share/mysql/my-medium.cnf  /etc/my.cnf        拷贝配置文件,直接覆盖原有的
[root@localhost ~]# reboot        重启系统
[root@localhost ~]# mysql_secure_installation        为root设置密码
[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/mysqld stop         启动mysql
[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/mysqld start         停止mysql
[root@localhost ~]# service mysqld restart        重启mysql
3、安装php
[root@localhost ~]# yum install php -y
[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install php-mysql phpgd libjpeg* php-imap php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php xmlrpc php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-bcmath php-mhash libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel php-fpm
[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/mysqld restart        重启mysql服务
[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/nginx restart         重启nginx服务
[root@localhost ~]# /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm start     启动php-fpm服务
[root@localhost ~]# chkconfig php-fpm on        设置开机启动
配制篇
1、配置nginx支持PHP
[root@localhost ~]# cp /etc/nginx/nginx.conf /etc/nginx/nginx.conf.bak
[root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
     user     nginx   nginx;   #修改 nginx 运行账号为:nginx 组的 nginx 用 户!
[root@localhost ~]# cp /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf.bak 
[root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf
        index  index.php index.html index.htm;
        location ~ \.php$ {
        root           html;
        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index  index.php;
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param  PHP_VALUE "open_basedir=$document_root:/tmp/";                 添加的这行  防止跨站   
        include        fastcgi_params;
    }
#取消 FastCGI server 部分location 的注释,并要注意 fastcgi_param 行的参数, 改为$document_root$fastcgi_script_name,或者使用绝对路径
2、php配置
[root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/php.ini
        date.timezone = PRC
        expose_php = Off
        #;open_basedir = .:/tmp/        注释掉这行
3、配置php-fpm
[root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf        编辑
        user = nginx        编辑用户为nginx
        group = nginx        修改组为nginx
[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/mysqld restart    重启mysql
[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/nginx restart        启动nginx
[root@localhost ~]# /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm restart        重启Php-fpm
测试篇
[root@localhost ~]# cd /usr/share/nginx/html/        进入nginx默认网站根目录
[root@localhost html]# cat index.php         新建index.php文件
        <? 
            phpinfo() 
        ?>
[root@localhost html]# chown nginx.nginx /usr/share/nginx/html/ -R         设置是目录所有者
[root@localhost html]# chmod 700 /usr/share/nginx/html/ -R        设置目录权限
备注
[root@localhost ~]# cd /usr/share/nginx/html/        nginx默认的程序目录
[root@localhost ~]# chown nginx.nginx /usr/share/nginx/html/ -R        权限设置
[root@localhost ~]# cd /var/lib/mysql/        数据库目录是
[root@localhost ~]# chown mysql.mysql -R /var/lib/mysql/        权限设置
[root@localhost html]# tail -n20 /var/log/nginx/error.log        查看nginx的日志
软件版本
[root@localhost html]# nginx -v 
nginx version: nginx/1.6.2
[root@localhost html]# php -v 
PHP 5.4.36 (cli) (built: Dec 22 2014 16:06:29) 
Copyright (c) 1997-2014 The PHP Group 
Zend Engine v2.4.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2014 Zend Technologies
[root@localhost html]# mysql -u root -p 
Enter password: 
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. 
Your MySQL connection id is 2 
Server version: 5.5.41-cll-lve MySQL Community Server (GPL) by Atomicorp
THE END

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